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Physical features

Relief: The farm lies on a ridge in the rolling hills of mid Wales, that marks the watershed between two small north/south flowing rivers, the Ithon and Aran. The confluence of these rivers is south of the farm. They are both tributaries of the River Wye that rises to the north of the farm on Plynlimon, the highest point in mid-Wales. The ridge forms a plateau made up of old sedimentary rocks dating from Silurian times. The two rivers have cut deep valleys(called dingles in this part of Wales) into the landscape and the land drops away forming steep slopes that are wooded in places. The flat valley floors are up to 500 metres wide and are used for pasture land. The fields in the valley are drained although flooding can occur when the rivers cannot cope from the runoff from the surrounding highland and steep slopes.

Altitude: All the land is above 185metres (650feet). The higher plateau land is just over 305 metres(just over 1000feet). The highest point on the farm is 324 metres above sea level.

Soil types: The soils on the higher  plateau land are thin and acidic. They are not very suitable for growing crops. The valley floors are covered with alluvium but are liable to flood. Field drains have been put in place to stop flooding.

Meadow land on flat valley floor of River Aran
 
Looking east towards Radnor Forest. Steep valley slope with ancient field boundary marked by trees on the right
 

Meadow land on flat valley floor of River Aran

Looking East towards Radnor Forest. Steep valley slope  with ancient field boundary marked by trees on the right.

 
Woodland on the valley side above the farm
 
Grazing land on the valley floor

 Woodland on the valley side above the farm

 Grazing land on the valley floor